Q methodology has been employed to great effect in studies addressing questions which are qualitative in nature. Techniques associated with Q methodology can also be used to explore quantitative research questions. Where a number of shared accounts around a particular topic have been identified and described using Q methods, it may also be of interest to examine the extent and distribution of those views. Such quantitative questions can be explored using Q-survey methods. In this paper we describe a range of approaches to such Q surveys and identify areas of future methodological development and research.

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Operant Subjectivity

Rachel Baker, Job van Exel, Helen Mason, & Michael Stricklin. (2010). Connecting Q & Surveys: Three Methods to Explore Factor Membership in Large Samples. Operant Subjectivity, 34(1), 38–58. doi:10.15133/j.os.2010.003