This research study used Q methodology to uncover the perceptions and experiences of 25 women at the vice president level and above in 21 biotechnology companies in Massachusetts. Through personal interviews, web-based interviews, and Q sorts the women provided a range of views regarding their work environments. The study contributes to the literature on subjectivity and organizational behavior by revealing the participants' views of specific individual and group behaviors that facilitate career advancement for women. It extends social role and structural theories by adding to the literature on the role of context in shaping professional experiences. The women identified teamwork and integrity, politics and barriers to advancement, or expertise and opportunity as being most characteristic of their organizational cultures and environments.
Operant Subjectivity

Daun R. Anderson. (2004). Female Executives in Biotechnology: A Contextual Approach to Understanding Their Work Environments. Operant Subjectivity, 28(1/2), 33–57. doi:10.15133/j.os.2004.009