James Rhoads's "Researching Authoritarian Personality with Q Methodology" represents a wholly new approach in research on the authoritarian personality. Many of his findings are counter-intuitive, but by beginning with the kind of scale scores traditionally used, he demonstrates that these findings have been within the grasp of previous rearchers requiring only a change in analytic strategy. His intensive analysis of a single case is shown to agree well with the "remarkable parallel" between Q methodology and quantum mechanics in terms of the foregoing of averages, the indeterminateness of meaning, the complementarity of factors, and interference effects.

Operant Subjectivity

Steven R. Brown, Ph.D. (2001). Understanding the Rebellious Conformist: A Note on Rhoads's Study of Authoritarianism. Operant Subjectivity, 24(2), 104–108. doi:10.15133/j.os.2001.004