This primer serves two functions: (1) It is a simplified introduction to Q methodology, covering the topics of concourse, Q samples, Q sorting, correlation, factor analysis, theoretical rotation, factor scores, and factor interpretation. (2) It also illustrates different conceptions of Q methodology by taking the concept of "Q methodology" as the subject matter of the study. The factor results show how current understandings about Q are traceable to debates among Stephenson, Burt, and others in the 1930s, '40s, and '50s.

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Journal Operant Subjectivity
Steven R. Brown. (1993). A Primer on Q Methodology. Operant Subjectivity, 16(3/4), 91–138. doi:10.15133/j.os.1993.002