In contrast to the mainly substantive content of Ulysses, James Joyce's Finnegans Wake is wholly transitive, a distinction introduced by William James and fundamental to the principle of complementarity in quantum theory. The free-floating "inner" thought of Molly Bloom (in Ulysses) and that which permeates Finnegans Wake is the same that provides creativity and truths which are outside the substantive conventions of literary and scientific discourse. Finnegans Wake is therefore methodological, Joyce's equation of void, incertitude, and unlikelihood corresponding to the quantum principles of Q methodology.

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Journal Operant Subjectivity
William Stephenson. (1991). Ulysses and Finnegans Wake: A Q-Methodological Look at Profundity (Part II: Finnegans Wake). Operant Subjectivity, 14(4), 133–152. doi:10.15133/j.os.1991.012